Balay > high cycle torsion springs
Ang disenyo sa aplikasyon sa kanunay nga torsion spring sa salag sa bisikleta
Ang disenyo sa aplikasyon sa kanunay nga torsion spring sa salag sa bisikleta
 The bicycle nest is an automatic lifting device for bicycles, which is placed on the ceiling of the room and can be stably raised and stored on the roof. It can safely accommodate any bike, no matter its shape or size.    The storage method is simple. If you need to get on the bike, gently pull on the loose rope, then push the bike down and the bike will be lifted. If you want to take the bike off, you just have to gently pull your bike down and let the bike fall to the ground. This bike rack is designed so that you can easily place your bike, and you can store your bike almost anywhere. It maximizes the bike's on-road storage space. What makes this unit unique is its unique spring mechanism. You don't need power or pulleys to easily lift the bike for you, just your fingertips guide. The unique spring mechanism is the key reason...
Gipalabi sa Qianye Spring ang imong mga shelf thrusters gikan sa mga kaedad
Gipalabi sa Qianye Spring ang imong mga shelf thrusters gikan sa mga kaedad
Supermarkets and convenience stores can be seen everywhere in the streets and alleys. More and more people are developing retail sales. Businesses will think of the question "How can we overcome each other and stand out in the competition of peers". If you want to stand out from the peers, innovation is indispensable. Now many large shopping malls will install shelf pushers on the shelves, which is not only convenient for customers but also convenient for tally staff, killing two birds with one stone. According to tests, the installation of automatic rack pushers can increase turnover and save labor. Traditionally, the products on the shelves are usually placed in order. When a customer buys the product, it is difficult for the customer to see the product at the back. And install the automatic propeller, after the customer buys the product, the propeller will automatically advance the product in the back, when the customer wants to find the product, it is...
Nahibal-an ba nimo kung unsa ka kusog ang usa ka rowing machine nga adunay power spring?
Nahibal-an ba nimo kung unsa ka kusog ang usa ka rowing machine nga adunay power spring?
Now many TV dramas will appear the figure of rowing machine, so do you know what rowing machine is? In fact, rowing machine is a low load aerobic exercise, which is now welcomed by more and more people because of its high exercise efficiency. It can not only do aerobic training, but also strengthen strength. Among large-scale fitness equipment, it belongs to a more comprehensive way of exercise, and its fault tolerance rate is relatively high and its load on the body is small. Whether you are a fitness novice or an old bird in the gym, Can find a suitable way of exercise through the rowing machine. Rowing machine is a kind of equipment simulating rowing, which plays a good role in strengthening the muscles of legs, waist, upper limbs, chest and back. Rowing is a smooth, interesting and self challenging fitness exercise. Every stroke, the upper limbs, lower limbs, waist, abdomen and back will complete a complete contraction...
Usa ka tiglakaw sa iro gikan sa Qianye Precision
Usa ka tiglakaw sa iro gikan sa Qianye Precision
As everyone who knows our company knows, our company also has another product, that is, dog walker! The power spring is the core and main component of the dog walker. The power spring is made of 301 stainless steel with high precision and high hardness. Its thickness tolerance is controlled in the range of 0.01mm and its hardness is hv580 degrees. The service life of the dog walker can be extended to 30000 to 100000 times. When this power spring is applied to the dog walker, the quality of the dog walker has been greatly improved. When walking the dog, we need to pay attention to bring the dog's little partner - the dog walker, and then the obedient dog should also bring the dog walker. Don't expect the bridge section of the dog looking for the master in the movie to happen. Before using this kind of traction rope, I always used a fixed 1.5m long rope. Usually I use the...
Prinsipyo sa talan-awon sa kanunay nga puwersa sa tingpamulak
Prinsipyo sa talan-awon sa kanunay nga puwersa sa tingpamulak
The constant force spring is made of stainless steel strip. The high-strength steel strip is shaped by specific spring production equipment. When it is straightened by external force, the spring will naturally roll back and produce elastic force. However, when our goal is achieved, it can return to the starting point specified by us after displacement. So do you know that constant force springs can be applied to those scenes? Let's have a look!      Constant force spring has the characteristic of maintaining constant force in long stroke. In a very small device space, it can achieve very high elastic output. It can be applied to the nail pushing device of nailing gun for linear pushing. When the fixed force spring is straightened by external force, the spring will naturally retract and produce elastic force. It has the movement functions of balancing or saving force. It can be applied to the height adjustment of computer display and electric fan.    ...
Gibutyag nga mga Solusyon sa Power Cord
Gibutyag nga mga Solusyon sa Power Cord
As people are becoming more and more picky about the beauty of home appliances, the problems of dirt, vulnerability and difficult placement caused by the exposure of power lines have been unsatisfactory. However, with the take-up device, the wires are completely stored in the internal space after use, and these problems are solved. Its core component is the use of winding up. Take-up spring refers to a kind of rotary spring that puts the steel strip crimped once or twice into the fixed box, and then connects it through the middle mandrel to tighten it to the predetermined position. After releasing the preload when necessary, it uses the rebound force of the rolled steel strip to achieve the design purpose.     The utility model has the advantages that the utility model is designed for rotary use, and can be widely used in the circular design device, and forms a coaxial design with the take-up device, which saves space very much....
Maayo kaayo nga mga kinaiya sa Qianye spring
Maayo kaayo nga mga kinaiya sa Qianye spring
Spring is a kind of mechanical part that uses elasticity to work. The parts made of elastic materials deform under the action of external force, and return to the original state after removing the external force. It is generally made of spring steel, and the types of springs are complex and diverse. Qianye company has strong production strength and a number of senior technicians, who can assist in product design, development and proofing according to your customers' needs, so as to find the best solution for your products to meet your application needs. All kinds of springs produced by the company are at the leading level in the same industry and enjoy high reputation. They have been favored and praised by customers all the time. The excellent features of the product mainly include: (1) Using high-quality raw materials at home and abroad, there is no problem of weak elasticity and poor hardness stability caused by raw materials. (2) The high-precision slitting machine has high...
Mga bentaha sa Qianye kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak sa teknolohiya
Mga bentaha sa Qianye kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak sa teknolohiya
Spring is a commonly used component in industry. It is used in all kinds of products, from aircraft and warships to mobile phones and cameras. Therefore, the production of spring has a history of hundreds of years. Constant force spring has the characteristic of maintaining constant force in long stroke. Its function can be applied to the application of products that need linear movement such as round-trip, sliding, stretching, homing, balancing or labor-saving, such as lifting doors and windows, computer display and fan height adjustment, store display shelf or motor carbon brush motor. On the market, constant force spring manufacturers generally use eight claw spring machine, which is called eight claw machine for short. The eight claw spring machine is continuously developed on the basis of three axes. The eight position claw arms of the eight claw spring machine can rotate 360 degrees in the forward and reverse directions. The working sequence of the curved arms is determined by the...
high cycle torsion springs Product
 Carbon brush spring
Carbon brush spring
Kinaiya: 1. Tungod sa kanunay nga pwersa, bisan unsa pa ang gitas-on sa carbon brush ug ang commutator, ang presyur nagpabilin nga pareho. 2. Ang kanunay nga puwersa sa tingpamulak makapakunhod sa pagkawala sa carbon brush, nagpalugway sa kinabuhi sa carbon brush, ug makapamenos sa kasamtangan nga pagkawala. Sa 3. Ang gagmay nga mga motor mahimong gidisenyo aron makunhuran ang gawas nga diametro sa motor. 4. Ang gitas-on sa carbon brush mahimong madugangan. Sa 5. Ang mas dako nga commutator mahimong magamit. Sa 6. Pagpakunhod sa mga aligato ug pagpakunhod sa electromagnetic interference. Kanunay nga puwersa sa spring alang sa single roll carbon brush 1. Carbon brush gilapdon 2. Carbon brush gitas-on: Ang spring gilapdon kinahanglan nga mas gamay kay sa carbon brush gitas-on 3. Gitas-on sa abradable carbon brush: Ang spring stroke kinahanglan nga mas dako pa kay sa gitas-on sa abradable carbon brush 4. Gikinahanglan ang pressure sa kontak para sa carbon brush ug commutator: gikinahanglan nga spring force Constant force spring para sa double-rolled carbon brush 1. Carbon brush width 2. Carbon brush height: Ang spring width kinahanglan nga...
 Variable force spring
Variable force spring
Kinaiya: Ang dagway sa variable force spring ug variable torsion spring susama kaayo sa kanunay nga force spring ug constant torsion spring. Variable force springs ug variable torsion springs mahimong makalusot sa impluwensya sa balaod ni Hooke sa tradisyonal nga mga tubod, aron ang stroke ug force dili na motaas sa proporsyonal, apan makab-ot ang nagkalain-laing elastic force-displacement nga mga kombinasyon sama sa negatibong slope stepped constant force, nga mahimong mechanically. Para sa mga kinahanglanon sa inhenyero, gamita ang relasyon tali sa elastic force ug displacement stroke aron sa pagdesinyo sa nagkalain-laing elastic curve nga mga kausaban sa piho nga mga aplikasyon. Adunay usa ka lain-laing mga lain-laing mga lain-laing mga tinubdan sa puwersa, variable torsion spring aplikasyon disenyo, ug mga solusyon. Ang manufacturing range sa variable force springs ug variable torsion springs: Ang gibag-on mao ang 0.05 ~ 0.85mm, ug ang gilapdon mao ang 2.0 ~ 65mm.
 Serbisyo sa disenyo sa pag-optimize
Serbisyo sa disenyo sa pag-optimize
Gikan sa mga ideya sa produkto, disenyo hangtod sa nahuman nga paghimo sa produkto, makatabang kami sa mga kostumer sa pagkompleto niini, ug matabangan ang mga kostumer nga ma-optimize ang ilang mga produkto gikan sa propesyonal nga panan-aw sa paggamit sa tingpamulak, mapadali ang pag-uswag sa produkto, ug mapadali ang oras sa merkado. Gikan sa inisyal nga yugto sa disenyo sa sangkap sa tingpamulak, paghimo hangtod sa katapusan nga asembliya, gipili sa mga kustomer ang mga bentaha nga makuha ni Qianye. 1. Pag-save sa oras sa pag-uswag sa produkto 2. Paghatag kanimo usa ka lainlaing mga solusyon, pilia ang gusto nga solusyon sa pag-optimize 3. Ang tingpamulak nga labing angay sa imong produkto 4. Pag-alagad kanimo alang sa kinabuhi ug pagtagbaw sa bisan unsang teknikal nga suporta nga naa kanimo.
 Gahum Spring
Gahum Spring
Characteristic: The power spring is coiled by steel strip. A spring box is required to limit its outer diameter. The center of the spring is connected to the shaft. When an external force is applied to make the shaft and the spring rotate relative to each other, the spring will be wound on the shaft and stored Torsion, when the external force disappears, the spring generates torsion on the shaft or spring box. Advantage: Power springs are divided into natural power springs and pre-stressed power springs according to their relaxed shape. In contrast, the pre-force type power spring can store 25% to 55% more torque and provide more effective turns. Product manufacturing range: The thickness is 0.05~0.85mm, and the width is 2.0~60mm. Principle of the scene: The high-precision pen injector uses a unique power spring to provide small and highly accurate drug dosages. A fixed amount of medicine is injected into the body through the constant force of the spring...
 Kanunay nga torsion spring
Kanunay nga torsion spring
Kinaiya: Ang fixed (kanunayon) torque spring (spring) ginama sa stainless steel. Ang puwersa sa gawas nag-rewind sa mainspring gikan sa natural nga kahimtang niini ngadto sa output wheel (pagtipig sa enerhiya). Sa diha nga ang gawas nga pwersa gikuha, ang tubod mobalik sa iyang natural nga kahimtang. Sa samang higayon, ang usa ka kanunay nga torque force (gitipigan nga pagkamaunat-unat nga pwersa) ang namugna (gipagawas) sa output ligid, mao nga kini gitawag nga usa ka kanunay nga torque generator. huboon. Nahisakop sa (usa ka paagi sa paggamit sa kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak) Kaayohan: Ang mga bentaha sa fixed-torque nga mga tubod kon itandi sa gahum (scroll) nga mga tubod: 1. Ang torque dili mausab tungod sa pagtaas sa gidaghanon sa mga rebolusyon. Sa 2. Walay limitasyon sa gidaghanon sa mga magamit nga turno, ug ang disenyo sa multi-turn turns kasagaran nagsagop sa usa ka fixed-torque spring. Sa 3. Ang gidaghanon sa dili balido nga mga rotation gamay ra, mas daghang enerhiya ang mahimong tipigan, ug ang kahusayan mas taas. Ngadto sa Manufacturing range sa fixed torque spring: Ang gibag-on mao ang 0.05 ~ 0.85mm, ug ang gilapdon ...
 Kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak
Kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak
Kinaiya: Ang kanunay nga puwersa (kanunay nga puwersa) nga mga tubod giligid sa stainless steel strips. Ang mga high-strength steel strips giporma sa piho nga kagamitan sa tubod sa produksiyon. Sa diha nga ang eksternal nga pwersa motul-id kanila, ang tubod natural nga mopabalik ug magpatunghag pagkamaunat-unat, apan kini makaabot kanato Ang tumong mahimong mobalik sa sinugdanan nga punto nga atong gitakda human sa pagbalhin. Bentaha: Ang mga bentaha sa kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak sa tradisyonal nga wire spring: 1. Sa usa ka gamay kaayo nga instalasyon nga luna, ang usa ka taas kaayo nga pagkamaunat-unat nga output mahimong makab-ot. 2. Hupti ang kanunay nga pagkamaunat-unat sa tanang mga hampak. 3. Ang pre-stroke stroke mubo, ug usa lamang ka mubo nga stroke ang gikinahanglan aron makab-ot ang gikinahanglan nga elasticity. 4. Ang orihinal nga gitas-on mas ubos kay sa wire spring, ug ang stroke walay kinutuban. Ang manufacturing range sa Dingli Clockwork: Ang gibag-on mao ang 0.05 ~ 0.85mm, ug ang gilapdon mao ang 2.0 ~ 60mm. Prinsipyo sa talan-awon: Ang kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak adunay kinaiya sa pagpadayon sa usa ka kanunay nga puwersa sa panahon sa usa ka taas nga stroke, ug mahimo’g makab-ot ...
high cycle torsion springs News
 Qianye kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak aplikasyon prinsipyo
Qianye kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak aplikasyon prinsipyo

Oras:2022-9-13

Constant force spring is made by winding the steel strip into a coil. The stress added to the spring determines its diameter, strength, and life. The action of a constant force spring is very similar to the action of stretching a ribbon. Spring stretching and rewinding, the part of the work with the spring itself circle formed tangent, as long as the diameter of the spring is certain, the force of the spring is constant. In extremely long spring designs, varying diameters have an advantage, and the tension increases slightly as the spring is stretched. However, this increase is small relative to the length of the stretch and can be ignored in many applications.Constant force spring is made by winding the steel strip into a coil. The stress added to the spring determines its diameter, strength, and life. The action of a constant force spring is very similar to the action of stretching a ribbon. Spring stretching and rewinding, the part of the work with the spring itself circle formed tangent, as long as the diameter of the spring is certain, the force of the spring is constant. In extremely long spring designs, varying diameters have an advantage, and the tension increases slightly as the spring is stretched. However, this increase is small relative to the length of the stretch and can be ignored in many applications. According to the application principle of constant force springs, constant force springs can be divided into linear motion constant force springs and rotary motion constant torque springs. When linearly stretched: the unit of force value is: kilogram, newton, pound, etc.        ...
 Ang Qianye innovative power spring adunay importante nga papel sa Hose Reel
Ang Qianye innovative power spring adunay importante nga papel sa Hose Reel

Oras: 2022-9-14

Hose Reel is also called pipe winder, Winder, reel, drum and air drum. Among many working equipment, the pipe winder is a very labor-saving and convenient long-distance energy transmission device. Its basic structure consists of hose, power spring, rotating shaft and other safety mechanisms.         The power spring of the hose reel can stretch and shrink the pipeline, intensively manage various energy pipelines, and change the previous phenomenon that the pipeline, power plug, oxyacetylene pipeline, bulb, spray gun and other tools are scattered in disorder. It can be used alone or in combination, which greatly saves the factory space, beautifies the working environment and improves the grade of the enterprise. Improve the working environment. The power spring is made of rolled steel strip. A spring box is required to limit its outer diameter in use. The center of the spring is connected with the shaft. When an external force is applied to make the shaft rotate relative to the spring, the spring will roll on the shaft center and store torque. When the external force disappears, the spring will produce torque on the shaft or spring box. The tension on the spring has been pre loaded at the factory, and the spring produced by an improperly selected manufacturer may become unstressed or have excessive tension. Too much tension will lead to too fast and fierce retraction. At the same time, the service life will be relatively short, and the elasticity will soon fail.         Our company has made technical product updates for power springs. First of all, our company adopts 301 stainless steel with...
 Ang power spring naghimo sa tape measure nga libre nga mokunhod
Ang power spring naghimo sa tape measure nga libre nga mokunhod

Oras: 2022-9-14

Tape measure, I believe everyone is familiar with it. Tape measure is a common measuring tool in our daily life and work. After the tape measure is pulled out, it can be rolled up because there is a power spring in the tape measure. When pulling out to measure the length, it actually lengthens the length of the scale and spring. Once the measurement is completed, the spring in the tape measure will automatically shrink, and the tape will also shrink under the action of spring force, so the tape measure will roll up. The power spring is an elastic fitting in the tape measure. The end of the steel bar scale is connected to the front end of the spring, and the end of the spring is fixed in the middle of the tape measure. The tape measure mainly uses the energy storage characteristics of the spring, which can be said to be the conservation of mechanical energy .When you pull the tape measure, you work on the internal spring, and the energy is stored by the power spring; when you release it, the spring relaxes, releasing energy and causing the tape measure to retract automatic contraction uses the lever torque principle: in the stretching state, the force arm is the smallest and the spring output is the largest; in the retracted state, the force arm is the largest and the spring output is the smallest.         When the scale is pulled out, the spring is tightened to produce a force to roll back. When the tension of the scale is released,...
 Kanunay nga kusog nga tubod sa ashtray sa awto
Kanunay nga kusog nga tubod sa ashtray sa awto

Oras: 2022-9-14

If the plush toys in the car are the favorite of female car owners, it is believed that the favorite of male car owners is the vehicle ashtray. Car ashtrays are indispensable car supplies for smokers. Although the vehicle ashtray is specially designed for smokers' car owners, it can also be used to place sundries for non-smoking car owners, which is very practical. When it comes to car ashtrays, I have to mention the problem of smoking in the car. In fact, smoking in the car is more dangerous than smoking outside. After all, the space in the car is limited, and the air circulation range is small. In this case, smoking will certainly cause air pollution in the car.      However, at present, the utilization rate of ashtrays on many models is not very high. Most smokers' car owners pop ashtrays out of the window directly. The function of on-board pop-up ashtrays can greatly improve this situation. Now many cars have ashtrays designed under the central control and in the rear row to facilitate smokers in the car. In addition, some luxury cars also have ashtrays designed under the door handle. Most of the vehicle ashtray structures are in the shape of cylindrical cups, and the sealing performance is also relatively good. Generally, cigarette butts are thrown in. Basically, there is no smoke smell floating out, and the sealing is more humanized. Pop up ashtray riders may worry about whether the car will be a little bumpy, and the ashtray will pop up automatically. The ashtray will fly everywhere,...
 Bisag unsa ka gamay ang shower room, gisugyot ko nga magbutang ka ug bath stool
Bisag unsa ka gamay ang shower room, gisugyot ko nga magbutang ka ug bath stool

Oras: 2022-9-14

No matter how small the shower room is, it is also recommended that you install a bath stool directly on the wall, which is stable and convenient! I've seen a social news before. It's about a pregnant woman who took a bath at home and slipped and had an accident. To be honest, no one wants this to happen, but because many detailed problems were not paid attention to during the decoration, it led to a series of problems! In fact, when decorating the shower room, we must take safety measures. Not only families with elderly, children and pregnant women, but also ordinary people need a safe environment for bathing. After all, the shower room is a place with large water consumption. It doesn't pay to fall and hurt! The first step of safety measures is to choose anti-skid bricks on the ground. Secondly, for families with elderly, children and pregnant women, it is best to install a bathing stool. Don't think the bath stool takes up space. It has many functions! And only one square meter of space can also be installed, directly installed on the wall, stable and convenient! At ordinary times, the bath is standing and washing. It is inevitable that there will be tired and uncomfortable after a long time. If there is a place in the shower room where you can sit and rest, it is absolutely convenient and comfortable. You can not only sit and rest, but also sit in the bath. For example, when rubbing your legs, you don't have to bend down...
 Torsion springs: where are they used and why did you choose to utilize them?
Torsion springs: where are they used and why did you choose to utilize them?

Time:2022-12-1

There are many types of springs, but the most common are torsion springs. The design of torsion springs is optimized to maintain maximum rotational pressure between two surfaces, these helical or helical springs are usually adhered to the coils at both suspended ends. These ends are connected to external components, which are then rotated to apply bending stress. Unlike other springs, torsion springs are ideally balanced and able to withstand twisting, giving them a place in many industries. Made of various coated metals such as stainless steel, carbon, titanium, nickel or copper alloys, torsion springs are usually wound around a shaft to further increase its stability. The basic principle of a torsion spring is to retain energy as the spring assembly twists. When this is applied, torque is applied in the opposite direction to the deformation angle. This allows energy to be stored and released when necessary, and the torsion spring also secures the mechanism when necessary.       Torsion springs are used in many applications; especially those using pop-up styles. They are used in various clamps and specific door mechanisms such as those found in CD players. One of the most obvious uses of torsion springs is undoubtedly in a mousetrap, which relies entirely on a centrally located torsion spring. They also sit in the center of traditional clothing clips. They are also used in heavier cases such as garage door balancers or car trunk opening mechanisms. Even in ancient times, primitive torsion springs were used as part of the giant catapults (or trebuchets) that were later used...
 [Qianye precision] Pisikal nga disenyo ug kusog nga pag-atras sa kanunay nga kusog sa tingpamulak
[Qianye precision] Pisikal nga disenyo ug kusog nga pag-atras sa kanunay nga kusog sa tingpamulak

Oras:2022-9-15

 In most types of springs, when the spring is compressed and then relaxed, the force applied is proportional to the distance the spring is stretched. Unlike ordinary springs, constant force springs do not comply with this rule. Due to the physical design of constant force spring, its return force remains constant. Therefore, constant force springs are useful in many applications that require consistent recoil.     The behavior of ordinary springs can be described by a mathematical equation called Hooke's law. The law points out that the force of the recoil spring in the recoil direction is equal to the distance between the spring displacement and the equilibrium point. In other words, it is how much the spring is elongated and multiplied by the mathematical constant, that is, the spring stiffness. The spring recoils in the direction opposite to the stretching direction. Because many elastic materials work in this way, Hooke's law has a wide range of applications in the field of physics.    Hooke's law does not apply to constant force springs because their recoil force remains constant over the entire range of motion. This is achieved through its unique physical design, which consists of thin and curly steel strip. The constant force spring is in a relaxed state when it is fully rolled up, and is loaded when it is partially or fully unfolded. After release, the spring rebounds by pulling the extended carbon belt back into the tight coil. Since the recoil force mainly comes from the part closest to the coiling roll, a constant force can be maintained.   Common applications of constant force...
 Kanunay nga Torque Spring Motor
Kanunay nga Torque Spring Motor

Oras: 2022-9-3

 A constant torque spring motor is a strip of prestressed spring material that forms a coil and is stored on a small storage drum. The free end is then pinned and rewound onto the larger output drum; this is the "winding" part of the constant torque spring cycle. When the output drum is released, the spring will return to the storage drum to assume its natural curvature, rotating the output drum and providing an almost constant torque.        Constant torque springs are made of type 301 high quality stainless steel and are supplied in coil form for mounting on the motor drum. Its main features are: 1. Long time deflection under almost constant torque. Positive or limited negative gradients can be achieved. 2. Minimal inter-coil friction and resulting hysteresis, which is common in power springs. 3. Rotary motion is provided directly from the output drum or linear displacement by using cables and spools.        Many applications utilize constant torque spring motors, such as: cord retractors, balance retrieval and return applications, drive motors, cordless curtains, and more. The spring features a high turn design, making it ideal for balancing applications. When they are fully turned, the springs apply a constant torque. You can also guarantee high torque levels. This is due to their compactness and high efficiency.        The function of the constant torque spring motor depends on the design. The size of the spring can vary. Therefore, they make them suitable for use in a variety of applications. We strongly recommend that you consult...