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# Design and Application of a Constant Force Torsion Spring

source：Qianye Precision time：2023-6-22

Torsion springs are a type of spring that create rotational forces when twisted. They are commonly used in a variety of applications, including automotive suspensions, door hinges, and garage door openers. One type of torsion spring is the constant force torsion spring. This type of spring is designed to provide a constant torque over a given range of rotation. In this article, we will discuss the design and application of a constant force torsion spring.

Design of a Constant Force Torsion Spring

The design of a constant force torsion spring begins with determining the required torque and the maximum amount of rotation needed. Once these parameters are established, the spring rate can be calculated using the following formula:

K = T / θ

Where K is the spring rate, T is the torque, and θ is the angle of rotation.

The spring rate is a key factor in the design of a constant force torsion spring. It determines the amount of torque that the spring will produce for a given amount of rotation. The higher the spring rate, the more torque the spring will produce.

The next step in the design process is to determine the number of coils required to achieve the desired spring rate. This is done using the following formula:

n = (8KD^3) / (Gd^4)

Where n is the number of coils, K is the spring rate, D is the mean diameter of the spring, d is the wire diameter, and G is the shear modulus of the spring material.

Once the number of coils is determined, the spring can be wound and tested to ensure that it produces the desired torque over the required range of rotation.

Application of a Constant Force Torsion Spring

Constant force torsion springs are commonly used in applications where a constant torque is required over a given range of rotation. One common application is in garage door openers, where the spring is used to counterbalance the weight of the door. The spring is wound up when the door is closed, and then slowly unwinds as the door is opened. This provides a constant amount of torque to assist in opening the door.

Another application of constant force torsion springs is in automotive suspensions. The springs are used to provide a constant amount of torque to the suspension system, which helps to absorb bumps and vibrations in the road. This improves ride comfort and handling.

Conclusion

Constant force torsion springs are a highly versatile and useful type of spring. They are designed to provide a constant amount of torque over a given range of rotation, and are commonly used in a variety of applications. The design of a constant force torsion spring involves calculating the required spring rate and determining the number of coils needed to achieve the desired torque. Once the spring is designed and manufactured, it can be used in a variety of applications to provide a constant amount of torque and improve performance.

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