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Ang paggamit sa kanunay nga puwersa sa tingpamulak sa medikal nga kagamitan
Ang paggamit sa kanunay nga puwersa sa tingpamulak sa medikal nga kagamitan
A support device for assisting a patient is used to assist the movement of a patient at the patient support device. In the prior art, a caregiver would operate a patient lift or motor by guiding the lift to raise or lower the patient at the patient support. Such manipulations often require the precise manipulation of heavy forceps and motors by a paramedic to help the patient move around the patient support.        The support means may incorporate a constant force spring design, the support structure comprising a base and an upper portion extending upwardly from the base. The constant force spring assembly may include a carrier slidably coupled to the base secured to a first end of the carrier. The base may include channels that guide sliding movement of the carrier relative to the base of the support structure. The constant force spring assembly may also include a spool and a motor configured to drive the spool....
Disenyo sa cordless curtain nga mga tubod
Disenyo sa cordless curtain nga mga tubod
There are many types of curtains on the market today, such as Venetian blinds, Roman blinds and honeycomb blinds. When the curtains are lowered, the windows can be shaded to reduce light entering the house and improve privacy. Generally speaking, curtains are provided with control ropes, which can drive the bottom rail of the curtain to rise or fall. In particular, the bottom rail is raised by a roller take-up hanger, and the hanger can be extended from the roller so that the bottom rail can be lowered.        However, the problem that the control cord may restrain children has been noted, so a cordless curtain has been developed. This cordless curtain can raise and lower the bottom rail by means of a coil spring box. Coil spring boxes used in window blinds usually consist of multiple springs that provide torsion to maintain the bottom rail at the desired height. However, the assembly of such a coil spring...
Disenyo sa Constant Force Spring sa Spool Damper
Disenyo sa Constant Force Spring sa Spool Damper
 When powered by a damped constant force spring mounted on the spool, there are several key principles that influence the design of linear motion applications. These principles support robust and consistent performance of products in a variety of applications, including automotive and aircraft interiors, industrial machine components, and many other user interface applications. The example components shown above will be cited as examples of the various design principles detailed below. This example assembly has a sliding drawer (shown in red) powered by a constant force spring mounted on a spool (spool in green; constant force spring shown in yellow) running within a mounting base (shown in grey), such as a central Console a car. A ratchet or door latch mechanism (not shown) can be implemented to allow the tray to be locked in place with a single press by the user. This example is a typical set of applications used in the automotive industry.        1. Preload spring  ...
Pasadya nga mga tubod alang sa disenyo sa robot
Pasadya nga mga tubod alang sa disenyo sa robot
From life-saving robotic assisted surgical platforms to automated industrial assembly to un-manned interplanetary exploration, robotics technology requires quality precision springs. Our springs and components are frequently used in the following robotics applications and devices: Linear actuation (pushing or pulling) Rotary actuation (one direction of rotation or two with return to center) Counterbalance articulated assemblies Cable assembly and hose management Propulsion Steering & suspension High energy deployment mechanisms (NASA) Clamping / retention Vibration isolation Qianye Precision offers many mechanical components that are suitable for robotics applications. Some of the most common products include constant force springs, spiral torsion springs, and spring reels. Constant force springs: Provide a smooth range of motion and a nearly constant load when extending or retracting. Can eliminate the need for costly and complicated motors, thus decreasing device size and cost. Constant torsion springs: Ideal for applications requiring less than 360 degrees of rotation. They are often used to obtain a large amount of torque through a small...
Ang mga power spring nga gigamit sa barbell weightlifting protection devices
Ang mga power spring nga gigamit sa barbell weightlifting protection devices
 Barbell is a kind of core training sports training equipment, which is also used in weight lifting. Barbell sports is a kind of weight training. Barbell training equipment can be used to improve muscle strength training, and barbell can also be used for core training to promote overall coordination. The barbell is heavier than other fitness equipment, which is also prone to accidents. The existing barbell lacks corresponding protective measures when used, which is easy to hurt users or damage the barbell. The above problems can be solved by the power spring. Add the barbell weight lifting protection device of the power spring. The utility model relates to the technical field of fitness equipment, including a base plate, and also includes: a placing table connected with the base plate; Barbell, butting with the placing table; One end of the protection mechanism is connected with the placing table, and the other end is connected with the barbell. The protection mechanism comprises an inductor,...
Paggamit sa power spring sa automatic shoelace system
Paggamit sa power spring sa automatic shoelace system
Once upon a time, did you have a dream that one day you could not tie your shoes by yourself? A kind of shoes with automatic shoelace has been realized now! The biggest highlight of automatic shoes is that users do not need to bend down to tie shoes. Through the built-in sensor in the shoes, it can even automatically adjust the tightness according to the movement in real time. The automatic shoelace system adopts a power spring shoelace engine. The power spring shoelace engine 400 can include a housing 405 (including a base 406 and a cover 408), a motor 410, a shaft 415, a spring mandrel 420, a power spring 430, a clutch 435, a lever 440, a coupling (spool mandrel) 445, a coupling bearing 450, a spool 460, a driven gear 465, a drive gear 470, a spring mandrel bearing 475, and a driven gear bearing 480.   The power spring lacing engine can be driven by a motor to rotate the power spring to store energy...
Variable force spring sa drug delivery device
Variable force spring sa drug delivery device
Devices for automatically delivering drugs, such as automatic syringes, are known as convenient and safe means of protection for patients to manage different drugs themselves. For safety reasons, many devices for delivering drugs include covers and other devices that protect users before and after use, such as injection needles. Different devices for transporting drugs are different in their overall design settings. They all have a mechanism for automatically transferring the contents of pre filled and pre filled containers, and there is no need to manually force the contents of the containers into the patient through the transmission components, namely needles and nozzles. Automatic delivery mechanisms in devices used to deliver drugs usually include compression coil springs. The challenge in the design of such springs is to balance the need for sufficient force at the end of the stroke and the need for less force during storage that will overload other parts of the device (when the spring is fully compressed)....
Power spring sa disenyo sa mga tabon sa sakyanan
Power spring sa disenyo sa mga tabon sa sakyanan
Car covers are commonly used automotive protective articles, but the folding and storage of car covers is a troublesome thing. In order to solve this problem, invention lovers have done a lot of useful exploration and put forward many solutions. One kind of scheme is to use power to drive the reel to directly roll up the car cover cloth. Using the reel to directly roll up the car cover cloth can achieve the purpose of rapid retraction of the car cover, but there are the following problems in actual use: first, the winding and friction of the reel when directly rolling up the car cover cloth wear the car cover cloth greatly; second, in order to adapt to the width of the car cover cloth, the width of the car cover retracting device must be close to the width of the car cover cloth. If it is too narrow, it will increase the winding of the car cover cloth,...
standard torsion springs Product
 Serbisyo sa disenyo sa pag-optimize
Serbisyo sa disenyo sa pag-optimize
Gikan sa mga ideya sa produkto, disenyo hangtod sa nahuman nga paghimo sa produkto, makatabang kami sa mga kostumer sa pagkompleto niini, ug matabangan ang mga kostumer nga ma-optimize ang ilang mga produkto gikan sa propesyonal nga panan-aw sa paggamit sa tingpamulak, mapadali ang pag-uswag sa produkto, ug mapadali ang oras sa merkado. Gikan sa inisyal nga yugto sa disenyo sa sangkap sa tingpamulak, paghimo hangtod sa katapusan nga asembliya, gipili sa mga kustomer ang mga bentaha nga makuha ni Qianye. 1. Pag-save sa oras sa pag-uswag sa produkto 2. Paghatag kanimo usa ka lainlaing mga solusyon, pilia ang gusto nga solusyon sa pag-optimize 3. Ang tingpamulak nga labing angay sa imong produkto 4. Pag-alagad kanimo alang sa kinabuhi ug pagtagbaw sa bisan unsang teknikal nga suporta nga naa kanimo.
 Variable force spring
Variable force spring
Kinaiya: Ang dagway sa variable force spring ug variable torsion spring susama kaayo sa kanunay nga force spring ug constant torsion spring. Variable force springs ug variable torsion springs mahimong makalusot sa impluwensya sa balaod ni Hooke sa tradisyonal nga mga tubod, aron ang stroke ug force dili na motaas sa proporsyonal, apan makab-ot ang nagkalain-laing elastic force-displacement nga mga kombinasyon sama sa negatibong slope stepped constant force, nga mahimong mechanically. Para sa mga kinahanglanon sa inhenyero, gamita ang relasyon tali sa elastic force ug displacement stroke aron sa pagdesinyo sa nagkalain-laing elastic curve nga mga kausaban sa piho nga mga aplikasyon. Adunay usa ka lain-laing mga lain-laing mga lain-laing mga tinubdan sa puwersa, variable torsion spring aplikasyon disenyo, ug mga solusyon. Ang manufacturing range sa variable force springs ug variable torsion springs: Ang gibag-on mao ang 0.05 ~ 0.85mm, ug ang gilapdon mao ang 2.0 ~ 65mm.
 Gahum Spring
Gahum Spring
Characteristic: The power spring is coiled by steel strip. A spring box is required to limit its outer diameter. The center of the spring is connected to the shaft. When an external force is applied to make the shaft and the spring rotate relative to each other, the spring will be wound on the shaft and stored Torsion, when the external force disappears, the spring generates torsion on the shaft or spring box. Advantage: Power springs are divided into natural power springs and pre-stressed power springs according to their relaxed shape. In contrast, the pre-force type power spring can store 25% to 55% more torque and provide more effective turns. Product manufacturing range: The thickness is 0.05~0.85mm, and the width is 2.0~60mm. Principle of the scene: The high-precision pen injector uses a unique power spring to provide small and highly accurate drug dosages. A fixed amount of medicine is injected into the body through the constant force of the spring...
 Kanunay nga torsion spring
Kanunay nga torsion spring
Kinaiya: Ang fixed (kanunayon) torque spring (spring) ginama sa stainless steel. Ang puwersa sa gawas nag-rewind sa mainspring gikan sa natural nga kahimtang niini ngadto sa output wheel (pagtipig sa enerhiya). Sa diha nga ang gawas nga pwersa gikuha, ang tubod mobalik sa iyang natural nga kahimtang. Sa samang higayon, ang usa ka kanunay nga torque force (gitipigan nga pagkamaunat-unat nga pwersa) ang namugna (gipagawas) sa output ligid, mao nga kini gitawag nga usa ka kanunay nga torque generator. huboon. Nahisakop sa (usa ka paagi sa paggamit sa kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak) Kaayohan: Ang mga bentaha sa fixed-torque nga mga tubod kon itandi sa gahum (scroll) nga mga tubod: 1. Ang torque dili mausab tungod sa pagtaas sa gidaghanon sa mga rebolusyon. Sa 2. Walay limitasyon sa gidaghanon sa mga magamit nga turno, ug ang disenyo sa multi-turn turns kasagaran nagsagop sa usa ka fixed-torque spring. Sa 3. Ang gidaghanon sa dili balido nga mga rotation gamay ra, mas daghang enerhiya ang mahimong tipigan, ug ang kahusayan mas taas. Ngadto sa Manufacturing range sa fixed torque spring: Ang gibag-on mao ang 0.05 ~ 0.85mm, ug ang gilapdon ...
 Kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak
Kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak
Kinaiya: Ang kanunay nga puwersa (kanunay nga puwersa) nga mga tubod giligid sa stainless steel strips. Ang mga high-strength steel strips giporma sa piho nga kagamitan sa tubod sa produksiyon. Sa diha nga ang eksternal nga pwersa motul-id kanila, ang tubod natural nga mopabalik ug magpatunghag pagkamaunat-unat, apan kini makaabot kanato Ang tumong mahimong mobalik sa sinugdanan nga punto nga atong gitakda human sa pagbalhin. Bentaha: Ang mga bentaha sa kanunay nga pwersa sa tingpamulak sa tradisyonal nga wire spring: 1. Sa usa ka gamay kaayo nga instalasyon nga luna, ang usa ka taas kaayo nga pagkamaunat-unat nga output mahimong makab-ot. 2. Hupti ang kanunay nga pagkamaunat-unat sa tanang mga hampak. 3. Ang pre-stroke stroke mubo, ug usa lamang ka mubo nga stroke ang gikinahanglan aron makab-ot ang gikinahanglan nga elasticity. 4. Ang orihinal nga gitas-on mas ubos kay sa wire spring, ug ang stroke walay kinutuban. Ang manufacturing range sa Dingli Clockwork: Ang gibag-on mao ang 0.05 ~ 0.85mm, ug ang gilapdon mao ang 2.0 ~ 60mm. Prinsipyo sa talan-awon: Ang kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak adunay kinaiya sa pagpadayon sa usa ka kanunay nga puwersa sa panahon sa usa ka taas nga stroke, ug mahimo’g makab-ot ...
 Mga serbisyo sa pag-assemble ug pag-mount
Mga serbisyo sa pag-assemble ug pag-mount
Ang Qianye Company dili lamang naghatag sa produksyon sa tukma nga mga tubod, apan naka-focus usab sa structural design ug functional nga mga solusyon sa tibuok spring system, ug makahatag sa usa ka kompleto nga set sa sistema sa produksyon ug asembliya
standard torsion springs News
 Mga power spring nga gigamit sa recoil start system
Mga power spring nga gigamit sa recoil start system

Oras: 2022-9-14

 Ang gagmay nga mga makina ilado kaayo ug kasagarang gigamit sa mga lawn mower ug garden tractors ug lain-laing mga gamit sa pagmentinar sa tanaman ug balilihan, dugang sa ubang mga palibot. Kasagaran, ang matag usa niini nga mga makina gisangkapan sa usa ka sistema sa pagsugod sa pag-recoil nga naglakip sa usa ka pisi nga nagtuyok sa mekanismo sa pagsugod aron maapil ang usa ka flywheel nga konektado sa makina alang sa mga katuyoan sa pagsugod. Sa higayon nga mabira ang rope starter, ang recoil mechanism kanunay nga gitagana sa makina aron i-reel ang starter rope balik sa mekanismo sa pagsugod. Ang recoil nga bahin sa mekanismo sa starter gipadagan sa usa ka power spring nga mo-tensyon sa dihang ang operator mobira sa starter rope. Sa dihang bug-os nga mabira ang pisi, buhian kini sa operator. Kadaghanan sa mga tubod sa kuryente sa merkado kanunay nga mapakyas, mao nga ang mekanismo sa pag-rewind sa pag-recoil kinahanglan nga i-disassemble ug ilisan ang tubod. Ug ang pag-ilis sa tubod usa ka kapoy nga buluhaton tungod kay ang operator kinahanglan nga itago ang tubod sa lungag sa sulod sa recoil starter pulley ug dayon i-coil ang tubod ngadto sa mekanismo sa pulley samtang ang tubod magpabilin sa coiled nga posisyon ug ubos sa igo nga tensyon. Ang ingon nga pamaagi nanginahanglan dili lamang kahanas, apan usahay walay katapusan nga pagpailub. Mao nga ang kalidad sa power spring mao ang usa ka nag-unang prayoridad - human sa tanan, walay usa nga gusto nga usbon ang power spring sa sulod kanunay. Ang Shenzhen Qianye Precision Metal Co., Ltd. natukod kaniadtong 2006 aron mahatagan ang taas nga kalidad nga mga tubo nga stainless steel alang sa daghang natad. Pinaagi sa padayon nga mga paningkamot, 20 ka patent certificates ug 4 spring equipment software copyrights ang gihatag sa State Intellectual Property Office, ug usa ka makaiikag...
 Factory power springs: how to choose high quality power springs, the usefulness of springs
Factory power springs: how to choose high quality power springs, the usefulness of springs

Time:2022-11-21

Power springs are a variation of coil springs that provide high force output with minimal force requirements. Power springs are sometimes called clock springs because they are often used to power certain types of clocks. Power springs are capable of high force output with very small space requirements and, when extended, store power indefinitely. This allows power springs to be used in a variety of applications. We can manufacture power springs in a variety of styles and sizes. This includes working with all the different types of materials, thicknesses, base widths, heights, lengths and screw sizes. With this complete selection of styles, we can manufacture the power spring that best fits your application needs.     We can ensure your power springs meet your requirements and specifications for any intended application. This will ensure proper performance and system durability. As a leading spring manufacturer, our top priority is quality. Therefore, all of our power springs are engineered and manufactured to meet or exceed your expectations and tolerances. Power springs are used to store and release rotational energy. Learn More About Power Spring Manufacturing To learn more about power spring applications or to speak to our staff about engineering and manufacturing custom power springs to fit your needs, contact us today. As a leading spring manufacturer, we can provide customized spring manufacturing solutions to meet all your needs.   Springs come in all shapes and sizes, but no matter how they look, they work the same way. Each spring is an elastic object, meaning it stores and interprets reactive energy. Spring...
 [Qianye precision] Pisikal nga disenyo ug kusog nga pag-atras sa kanunay nga kusog sa tingpamulak
[Qianye precision] Pisikal nga disenyo ug kusog nga pag-atras sa kanunay nga kusog sa tingpamulak

Oras:2022-9-15

 In most types of springs, when the spring is compressed and then relaxed, the force applied is proportional to the distance the spring is stretched. Unlike ordinary springs, constant force springs do not comply with this rule. Due to the physical design of constant force spring, its return force remains constant. Therefore, constant force springs are useful in many applications that require consistent recoil.     The behavior of ordinary springs can be described by a mathematical equation called Hooke's law. The law points out that the force of the recoil spring in the recoil direction is equal to the distance between the spring displacement and the equilibrium point. In other words, it is how much the spring is elongated and multiplied by the mathematical constant, that is, the spring stiffness. The spring recoils in the direction opposite to the stretching direction. Because many elastic materials work in this way, Hooke's law has a wide range of applications in the field of physics.    Hooke's law does not apply to constant force springs because their recoil force remains constant over the entire range of motion. This is achieved through its unique physical design, which consists of thin and curly steel strip. The constant force spring is in a relaxed state when it is fully rolled up, and is loaded when it is partially or fully unfolded. After release, the spring rebounds by pulling the extended carbon belt back into the tight coil. Since the recoil force mainly comes from the part closest to the coiling roll, a constant force can be maintained.   Common applications of constant force...
 Power spring sa disenyo sa mga tabon sa sakyanan
Power spring sa disenyo sa mga tabon sa sakyanan

Oras: 2022-9-14

Car covers are commonly used automotive protective articles, but the folding and storage of car covers is a troublesome thing. In order to solve this problem, invention lovers have done a lot of useful exploration and put forward many solutions. One kind of scheme is to use power to drive the reel to directly roll up the car cover cloth. Using the reel to directly roll up the car cover cloth can achieve the purpose of rapid retraction of the car cover, but there are the following problems in actual use: first, the winding and friction of the reel when directly rolling up the car cover cloth wear the car cover cloth greatly; second, in order to adapt to the width of the car cover cloth, the width of the car cover retracting device must be close to the width of the car cover cloth. If it is too narrow, it will increase the winding of the car cover cloth, so the shape of the car cover retracting device is larger, It reduces the convenience of use: Third, it may not be able to completely stow the hood cloth. Only one power spring is needed to solve the above series of problems. The power spring designed by Qianye precision can be applied to the car cover. The power spring retracts the car cover to realize the rapid retraction of the car cover. At the same time, it solves the problems of large wear, large device shape and high operation intensity caused by the direct retraction of the car cover cloth by the reel, as well as the problem...
 Mga Matang sa Tuburan sa mga Medical Device
Mga Matang sa Tuburan sa mga Medical Device

Oras: 2022-9-14

Springs are integral components in the manufacture of many medical devices. Whether it’s for a surgical stapler or a medical monitor, the types of springs in medical devices are defined by a specific action or movement required for the application. Though relatively simple in its design, springs store the mechanical energy necessary for a wide range of medical devices, machinery, and equipment to function properly. Any type of surgical instrument, medical equipment or device that has a mechanism undoubtedly has a spring component. Spring material must be medical grade, and the design and function of any device must adhere to stringent regulatory requirements and guidelines as defined by the FDA. Booms, table and bed lifts, fluid control devices, wheelchairs, medical testing and monitoring equipment either fixed or mobile, MRI and X-ray machinery, dental x-ray with articulated arms, medical equipment drawer closing mechanisms, anesthetic infusion devices, sterilization valves, various implants, and shunt valves are all examples of medical devices that require springs to function. Manufacturers of medical devices and devices subsequently relied heavily on springs in a variety of applications. The medical industry relies on the same types of springs that most industries rely on—constant force springs, constant torsion springs, power springs. Constant force spring Constant force springs are coiled with stainless steel tape so that when coiled relative to being stretched, the spring relaxes in a low stress state. When it is unrolled, the restoring force comes mainly from the portion close to the unwinding spring coil. The resultant force is almost constant. The actuators that operate in the surgical...
 Kanunay nga Torque Spring Motor
Kanunay nga Torque Spring Motor

Oras: 2022-9-3

 A constant torque spring motor is a strip of prestressed spring material that forms a coil and is stored on a small storage drum. The free end is then pinned and rewound onto the larger output drum; this is the "winding" part of the constant torque spring cycle. When the output drum is released, the spring will return to the storage drum to assume its natural curvature, rotating the output drum and providing an almost constant torque.        Constant torque springs are made of type 301 high quality stainless steel and are supplied in coil form for mounting on the motor drum. Its main features are: 1. Long time deflection under almost constant torque. Positive or limited negative gradients can be achieved. 2. Minimal inter-coil friction and resulting hysteresis, which is common in power springs. 3. Rotary motion is provided directly from the output drum or linear displacement by using cables and spools.        Many applications utilize constant torque spring motors, such as: cord retractors, balance retrieval and return applications, drive motors, cordless curtains, and more. The spring features a high turn design, making it ideal for balancing applications. When they are fully turned, the springs apply a constant torque. You can also guarantee high torque levels. This is due to their compactness and high efficiency.        The function of the constant torque spring motor depends on the design. The size of the spring can vary. Therefore, they make them suitable for use in a variety of applications. We strongly recommend that you consult...
 Ang kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak gigamit sa preno alang sa layo nga operasyon
Ang kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak gigamit sa preno alang sa layo nga operasyon

Oras: 2022-9-14

Minimally invasive medical technology is used to reduce the number of foreign tissues that may be damaged during diagnosis or surgery, so as to reduce the recovery time, discomfort and adverse side effects of patients. The surgeon can operate the controller on the console to indirectly operate the instrument connected to the remotely operated actuator. The instrument can be disassembled from the remotely controlled actuator, so that the instrument can be disinfected separately and selected to be used as the instrument required for surgery. Combine. Instruments may be changed during surgery.   Using remote instruments for surgery brings new challenges. One problem is to provide a remotely operated motor mechanism that supports a remotely operated actuator that can be positioned relative to a patient. These features are quite heavy and may weigh between 12 and 24 kilograms. The mechanism must be moved over the patient and carefully positioned. Therefore, it is necessary to balance the surgical instrument, the associated actuator, and the support structure so that the surgical instrument can be safely and easily positioned. The constant force spring is made of stainless steel strip, so that when it is rolled up relative to being stretched, the spring will relax in a low stress state. When it unfolds, the restoring force mainly comes from the part close to the loosened spring coil. Specifically, the force comes from the region that transitions from a circle to a plane. The force does not come from the part of the drum that is fully unfolded or still winding. The resultant force is almost constant because the geometry of this area...
 Kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak alang sa pagkaamgo sa hapsay nga paglihok sa lamesa sa pag-scan sa CT
Kanunay nga kusog nga tingpamulak alang sa pagkaamgo sa hapsay nga paglihok sa lamesa sa pag-scan sa CT

Oras: 2022-9-14

We are familiar with CT scanner. Now when we go to the hospital for examination, we often hear the doctor say "take a film first". This film generally refers to CT. Doing CT is not only for the safety of patients, but also for the safety of doctors. CT is much clearer than X-ray film. At the same time, there are many diseases that cannot be seen on B-ultrasound and can be diagnosed by CT. At present, CT is the most widely used imaging examination under medical treatment and the most valuable examination for clinical information. When you go to take CT, you lie down on the scanning table, and the scanning table will automatically move smoothly and accurately locate the position. Have you ever thought about this problem because you want to relieve tension? The CT scanner table can move smoothly and accurately because of the role of the constant force spring in it. Some little friends may not know what the constant force spring is. When it comes to the spring, everyone must think it is the traditional linear spring. In fact, it is not. Constant force spring is made of stainless steel strip. The high-strength steel strip is shaped through specific spring production equipment. When it is straightened by external force, the spring will naturally roll back and produce elastic force, However, to achieve our goal, we can return to our designated starting point after the shift. The constant force spring can achieve extremely high elastic output in a very small device space. Its function can be applied to products requiring linear motion such...